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Aren't Textus Receptus readings based on late 12th century manuscripts?

While it is true that Erasmus used manuscripts from the 12th century onward to produce the Textus Receptus, most Textus Receptus readings are supported by early manuscripts that date to within a 100 to 200 years of the earliest manuscripts of those readings.

This page lists doctrinally significant Textus Receptus readings with citations of the earliest Greek manuscript witness of the Textus Receptus reading and the earliest Greek manuscript witness of the NA/UBS reading.  The following color codes are used so the viewer can easily see that in many cases Textus Receptus readings are not that much later than NA/UBS readings (Nestle-Aland 27th edition, to be precise):

  • Red letters indicate verses where the dates of the earliest Textus Receptus Greek manuscript witness and the earliest Nestle-Aland 27 Greek manuscript witness are different by just one century;
  • Pink letters indicate verses where the difference is two centuries; and
  • Purple letters indicate verses where the earliest Greek manuscript witness for a Textus Receptus reading might be later, but the earliest Latin manuscript witness or the earliest Church father witness of that Textus Receptus reading dates to within one century of the earliest Nestle-Aland 27 witness.




    Matthew 1:25
  • The Textus Receptus says Jesus was Mary's "firstborn" son, which implies that Mary had other sons later.  This truth exposes the error of the doctrine of perpetual virginity.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: W (4th or 5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: B (4th century)

   
Matthew 5:22
  • The Textus Receptus says anger is sin if it is "without cause."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: W (4th or 5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P64 (3rd century)

    Matthew 5:44
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "Bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: W (4th or 5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: B (4th century)

    Matthew 6:1
  • The Textus Receptus says not to do "alms" before men.  The Nestle-Aland says not to do "acts of righteousness" before men.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: W (4th or 5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: B (4th century)

   
Matthew 6:13
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: W (4th or 5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: B (4th century)

 
   Matthew 9:13
  • The Textus Receptus says our Lord Jesus Christ came to call sinners "to repentance."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: C (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 readingB (4th century)

    Matthew 13:51
  • In the Textus Receptus the disciples here acknowledge Jesus as "Lord."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: W (4th or 5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 readingB (4th century)

    Matthew 17:21
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "Howbeit this kind goeth not out but by prayer and fasting", a reference to fasting.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: W (4th or 5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 readingB (4th century)

    Matthew 18:11
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "For the Son of man is come to save that which was lost."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: W (4th or 5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 readingB (4th century)

    Matthew 19:9
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "And whoso marrieth her which is put away doth commit adultery."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: B (4th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

    Matthew 19:16-17
  • In the Textus Receptus the rich young ruler calls Jesus "Good Master" and Jesus responds asking the ruler, "Why callest thou me good?  There is none good but one, that is God."  In the Nestle-Aland the conversation is about "what is good" rather than about Jesus being good and the inference that Jesus must therefore be God.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: C (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 readingB (4th century)

    Matthew 20:16
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "for many be called, but few chosen."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: W (4th or 5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 readingB (4th century)

    Matthew 20:22
  • The Textus Receptus includes a reference to Jesus' baptism of suffering.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: W (4th or 5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 readingB (4th century)

    Matthew 23:14
  • In the Textus Receptus, Jesus criticizes the Pharisees for devouring widows' houses and for making long pretentious prayers.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: W (4th or 5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: B (4th century)

    Matthew 25:13
  • The Textus Receptus includes a reference to the second coming of Christ.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: E (8th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P35 (4th century)

    Matthew 27:35
  • The Textus Receptus refers to the fulfillment of the Old Testament prophecy concerning Christ's garments.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: 0233 (8th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 readingB (4th century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Eusebius (4th century)
    • Earliest Latin manuscript witness of TR reading: a (Latin 4th century)
    United Bible Society: The Greek New Testament, 4th ed.


    Mark 1:2
  • The Textus Receptus correctly says "prophets" not "Isaiah the prophet" because the cited prophecies are from Malachi as well as Isaiah.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: B (4th century)

   
Mark 1:14
  • The Textus Receptus mentions the "kingdom" of God.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 readingB (4th century)

   
Mark 1:42
  • The Textus Receptus says "And as soon as he had spoken," which makes it clearer that Jesus' healing power comes from the power of his spoken word rather than from other mystical sources.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 readingB (4th century)

    Mark 3:15
  • The Textus Receptus includes "to heal sicknesses" as one of the powers given to the Twelve.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: B (4th century)

    Mark 3:29
  • The Textus Receptus says a blasphemer of the Holy Spirit is in danger of "eternal damnation", not "eternal sin".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 readingB (4th century)

    Mark 6:11
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "Verily I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrha in the day of judgment, than for that city."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 readingB (4th century)

   
Mark 7:8
  • The Textus Receptus refers to the "washing of pots and cups" as an example of vain human tradition.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P45 (3rd century)

    Mark 7:16
  • The Textus Receptus includes the phrase, "If any man have ears to hear, let him hear."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 readingB (4th century)

    Mark 9:29
  • The Textus Receptus includes a reference to fasting.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: possibly P45 (3rd century), A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 readingB (4th century)

    Mark 9:44, 46
  • The Textus Receptus includes the emphatic repetitions of the vivid description of hell as an eternal place of torment.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 readingB (4th century)

    Mark 9:49
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "And every sacrifice shall be salted with salt."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 readingB (4th century)

    Mark 10:21
  • In the Textus Receptus Jesus commands the man to "take up the cross."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 readingB (4th century)

    Mark 10:24
  • The Textus Receptus says entering into the kingdom of God is hard for "them that trust in riches."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 readingB (4th century)

    Mark 11:10
  • The Textus Receptus refers to the kingdom of David as coming "in the name of the Lord".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 readingB (4th century)
    
    Mark 11:26
  • The Textus Receptus includes a sober teaching on forgiveness.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 readingB (4th century)

    Mark 13:14
  • The Textus Receptus rightly attributes the prophecy to "Daniel the prophet."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: B (4th century)

    Mark 13:33
  • The Textus Receptus says we must "pray" to be ready for Christ's second coming.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph (4th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: B (4th century)

    Mark 14:27
  • The Textus Receptus says the disciples will be offended because of Jesus "this night", which limits this particular offense to the night of Jesus' arrest.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: B (4th century)

   
Mark 15:28
  • The Textus Receptus refers to the fulfillment of the Old Testament prophecy that Christ would be numbered with the transgressors.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: 083 (6th or 7th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 readingB (4th century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Eusebius (4th century)
    Nestle-Aland: Novum Testamentum Graece, 27th ed.

    Mark 16:9-20
  • The Textus Receptus includes the longer ending of Mark, including the teaching that the Lord continues to work with his disciples even after his ascension (verse 20).
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 readingB (4th century)

    Luke 2:22
  • The Textus Receptus (underlying the KJV) teaches that the purification was only for "her" (Mary) because Christ is sinless.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: D (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

    Luke 2:33
  • In the Textus Receptus Joseph is called "Joseph" and not described as Jesus' father.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

    Luke 2:40
  • The Textus Receptus says the boy child Jesus grew and waxed strong "in spirit".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

   
Luke 2:43
  • In the Textus Receptus Joseph is called "Joseph" and not described as Jesus' parent.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

    Luke 4:4
  • The Textus Receptus says man shall live "by every word of God."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

    Luke 4:8
  • In the Textus Receptus Jesus tells Satan, "Get thee behind me, Satan."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

    Luke 4:41
  • In the Textus Receptus the devils acknowledge that Jesus is "Christ."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P75 (3rd century)

    Luke 9:54
  • The Textus Receptus includes a reference to Elijah as a historical figure.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P75 (3rd century)

    Luke 9:55
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "Ye know not what manner of spirit ye are of".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: D (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P75 (3rd century)

    Luke 9:56

  • The Textus Receptus includes, "For the Son of man is not come to destroy men's lives, but to save them."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: K (9th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P75 (3rd century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Ambrose (4th century)
    • Earliest Latin manuscript witness of TR reading: a (Latin 4th century)
    United Bible Society: The Greek New Testament, 4th ed.

    Luke 11:2
  • The Textus Receptus includes a fuller version of Luke's Lord's Prayer.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P75 (3rd century)

    Luke 12:31
  • The Textus Receptus says, the kingdom "of God".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: P45 (3rd century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

    Luke 12:39
  • The Textus Receptus says if the goodman of the house had known what hour the thief would come, "he would have watched".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: B (4th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P75 (3rd century)

   
Luke 17:36
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "Two men shall be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other left."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: D (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P75 (3rd century)

    Luke 18:28
  • In the Textus Receptus Peter says he left "all" to follow Jesus, not just "our own".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A* (4th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: B (4th century)

   
Luke 22:64
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "they struck him on the face".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P75 (3rd century)

   
Luke 23:17
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "(For of necessity he must release one unto them at the feast.)"
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph (4th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P75 (3rd century)

    Luke 23:38
  • The Textus Receptus says the superscription over the Lord on the cross was written "in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph* (4th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P75 (3rd century)

   
Luke 23:42
  • In the Textus Receptus the thief acknowledges Jesus as "Lord."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P75 (3rd century)

    John 1:18
  • The Textus Receptus refers to the "only begotten Son," not the "only begotten God".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P66 (3rd century)

   
John 3:13
  • The Textus Receptus says the Son of man was "in heaven" even while being on earth.  This is proof of Christ's divine omnipresence.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A* (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P66 (3rd century)

    John 5:3,4
  • The Textus Receptus refers to the angelic miracle and the way it worked, which explains why the disabled were waiting to get in to the pool.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P66 (3rd century)

    John 6:47
  • In the Textus Receptus Jesus says whoever believes "on me" has everlasting life.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P66 (3rd century)

    John 7:8
  • In the Textus Receptus Jesus says that he will not go up to the feast "yet" because he eventually does.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: P66 (3rd century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

    John 7:53-8:11
  • The Textus Receptus includes an episode that portrays Christ's great mercy for an adulteress. (Further reading: http://textualcriticism.scienceontheweb.net/)
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: D (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P66 (3rd century)

    John 16:16
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "because I go to the Father".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P66 (3rd century)

   
Acts 2:30
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "...according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne" as an allusion to Psalm 132:17.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: D (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

    Acts 8:37
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "And Philip said, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest. And he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God."  This verse supports the doctrine of believer's baptism.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: E (6th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P45 (3rd century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Irenaeus (2nd century), Cyprian (3rd century)
    Nestle-Aland: Novum Testamentum Graece, 27th ed.


    Acts 10:30
  • The Textus Receptus includes a reference to Cornelius' fasting.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: P50 (4th or 5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

    Acts 15:34
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "Notwithstanding it pleased Silas to abide there still."  Silas chose to stay in Antioch by his own accord, not just because Paul needed him.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: C (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

    Acts 23:9
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "let us not fight against God."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: L (9th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

    Acts 24:6-8
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "... and would have judged according to our law.  But the chief captain Lysias came upon us, and with great violence took him away out of our hands, Commanding his accusers to come unto thee:"
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: E (6th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

    Acts 28:29
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "And when he had said these words, the Jews departed, and had great reasoning among themselves."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: L (9th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Chrysostom (4th century)
            United Bible Society: The Greek New Testament, 4th ed.


    Romans 1:16
  • The Textus Receptus says the Gospel is "of Christ."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Dc (6th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

    Romans 6:11
  • The Textus Receptus refers to Jesus Christ as "Lord".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph (4th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)

   
Romans 8:1
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "Who walk not after the flesh*, but after the Spirit^".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading up to *: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of TR reading up to ^: Aleph2 (7th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph* (4th century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Cyril of Alexandria (5th century)
            United Bible Society: The Greek New Testament, 4th ed.


    Romans 9:32
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "of the law".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: D (6th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph* (4th century)

   
Romans 10:15
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "That preach the gospel of peace."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: D (6th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Apollinaris (4th century)
            United Bible Society: The Greek New Testament, 4th ed.


    Romans 11:6
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "But if it be of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph2 (7th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Chrysostom (4th century); B (4th century) agrees with the Textus Receptus except for 2 words (omitting first εστι and having χαρις instead of final εργον).
            United Bible Society: The Greek New Testament, 4th ed.


    Romans 13:9
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "Thou shalt not bear false witness."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph (4th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)

    Romans 14:10
  • In the Textus Receptus "Christ" has the judgment seat.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: 048 (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph* (4th century)

    Romans 15:29
  • The Textus Receptus says the blessing is due to the "gospel" of Christ.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph2 (7th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Chrysostom (4th century)
            United Bible Society: The Greek New Testament, 4th ed.


    Romans 16:24
  • The Textus Receptus includes the benediction, "The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: D (6th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Theodoret (5th century)
            United Bible Society: The Greek New Testament, 4th ed.


   
1 Corinthians 7:5
  • The Textus Receptus includes a reference to fasting.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph2 (7th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Chrysostom (5th century)
            United Bible Society: The Greek New Testament, 4th ed.


   
1 Corinthians 11:24
  • The Textus Receptus says Christ's body is "broken" for us, not simply "given" as in Catholic doctrine.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph2 (7th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Basil (4th century)
            United Bible Society: The Greek New Testament, 4th ed.


   
1 Corinthians 11:29
  • The Textus Receptus says he that eats and drinks "unworthily" eats and drinks damnation to himself.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: D (6th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Basil (4th century)
            United Bible Society: The Greek New Testament, 4th ed.


    Galations 3:1
  • The Textus Receptus says the effect of being bewitched is to "not obey the truth."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: C (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

    Galations 3:17
  • The Textus Receptus says the covenant is "in Christ."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: 0176 (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)

    Galatians 4:7
  • The Textus Receptus says we are made heirs of God "through Christ."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: D (6th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Athanasius (4th century)
            United Bible Society: The Greek New Testament, 4th ed.


    Galatians 5:19
  • The Textus Receptus includes "adultery" as one of the works of the flesh.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: D (6th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph* (4th century)

   
Galatians 6:15
  • The Textus Receptus teaches that circumcision is of no advantage because we are "in Christ Jesus".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph (4th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)

    Galatians 6:17
  • In the Textus Receptus Jesus is called "Lord."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph (4th century) has "Lord Jesus Christ"
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)

    Ephesians 3:9
  • The Textus Receptus includes a reference to Jesus Christ's role in creation.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: D2 (9th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)

    Ephesians 3:14
  • The Textus Receptus refers to the Father as that of "our Lord Jesus Christ".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: D (6th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Gregory-Nyssa (4th century)
            United Bible Society: The Greek New Testament, 4th ed.


    Ephesians 5:9
  • The Textus Receptus says "fruit of the Spirit", not "fruit of the light".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: P46 (3rd century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P49 (3rd century)
   
    Ephesians 5:30
  • The Textus Receptus says we are "of his flesh, and of his bones."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: D (6th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Irenaeus (2nd century)
            United Bible Society: The Greek New Testament, 4th ed.


    Philippians 3:3
  • The Textus Receptus says "worship God in the spirit" not "worship by the spirit of God".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: D* (6th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph* (4th century)

   
Philippians 3:16
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "let us mind the same thing."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph2 (7th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Basil (4th century)
            United Bible Society: The Greek New Testament, 4th ed.


    Philippians 4:13
  • In the Textus Receptus Paul says he can do all things through "Christ".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph2 (7th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph* (4th century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Basil (4th century)
            United Bible Society: The Greek New Testament, 4th ed.


    Colossians 1:2
  • In the Textus Receptus "the Lord Jesus Christ" is included in the role of granting grace and peace to the Colossians.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph (4th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: B (4th century)

    Colossians 1:14
  • The Textus Receptus says we have redemption "through his blood."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: 1912 (10th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Gregory-Nyssa (4th century)
            United Bible Society: The Greek New Testament, 4th ed.


    Colossians 2:11
  • The Textus Receptus refers to the "sins of the flesh."  Circumcision is compared to sanctification.  Just as the foreskin is removed in circumcision while allowing the member to remain, sanctification removes "sins" even though the flesh (body) remains, though we walk not after it.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph2 (7th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Epiphanius (4th century)
    Nestle-Aland: Novum Testamentum Graece, 27th ed.


    Colossians 2:18
  • The Textus Receptus has a warning about intruding into those things which one "hath not seen", not "hath seen".  The warning in the Textus Receptus is against occultism.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: C (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)

   
Colossians 3:6
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "on the children of disobedience."  The NA27 places these words in square brackets, causing the NIV and ESV to omit the words, while NASB 1995 and HCSB include them.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph (4th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)

    1 Thessalonians 1:1
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "from God the Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph (4th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: B (4th century)

    2 Thessalonians 1:8
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "Christ".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph (4th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: B (4th century)

    2 Thessalonians 1:12
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "Christ".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

    2 Thessalonians 2:13
  • The Textus Receptus says, "from the beginning (απ αρχης)", not "firstfruits (απαρχην)".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph (4th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: B (4th century)

    1 Timothy 1:17
  • The Textus Receptus refers to God as the only "wise" God.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph2 (7th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph* (4th century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Epiphanius (4th century)
    Nestle-Aland: Novum Testamentum Graece, 27th ed.


   
1 Timothy 2:7
  • In the Textus Receptus Paul speaks the truth "in Christ."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph* (4th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: A (5th century)

    1 Timothy 3:16
  • The Textus Receptus describes Jesus as a manifestation of "God" in the flesh.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: C2 (6th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph* (4th century)

    1 Timothy 4:10
  • In the Textus Receptus Paul says they "suffer reproach", not "strive".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: 0241 (5th or 6th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph* (4th century)

   
1 Timothy 4:12
  • In the Textus Receptus Timothy is told to be an example in "spirit" as well.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: K (9th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

    1 Timothy 5:16
  • The Textus Receptus says if any believing "man or woman" must relieve widows, not just "woman".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: D (6th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

   
1 Timothy 6:5
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "From such withdraw thyself," which is a call for separation.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: 061 (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

    1 Timothy 6:7
  • The Textus Receptus says "it is certain" that we can carry nothing out of this world.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph2 (7th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph* (4th century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Evagrius (4th century)
            United Bible Society: The Greek New Testament, 4th ed.


   
2 Timothy 1:11
  • The Textus Receptus says Paul was appointed as teacher "of the Gentiles".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: C (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph* (4th century)

    2 Timothy 4:1
  • The Textus Receptus says Jesus Christ shall judge the quick and the dead "at" his appearing.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph2 (7th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph* (4th century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Basil (4th century)
            United Bible Society: The Greek New Testament, 4th ed.


   
2 Timothy 4:22
  • The Textus Receptus says the "Lord Jesus Christ" is to be with the spirit of Timothy.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: C (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph* (4th century)

    Hebrews 1:3
  • The Textus Receptus teaches that Jesus purged our sins "by himself."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: P46 (3rd century) has "δι αυτου", a difference of just one one Greek letter.  D (6th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Chrysostom (5th century)
            United Bible Society: The Greek New Testament, 4th ed.


    Hebrews 2:7
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "And didst set Him over the works of thy hands."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph (4th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)

    Hebrews 3:6
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "firm unto the end".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph (4th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)

    Hebrews 7:21
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "after the order of Melchisedec".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)

    Hebrews 10:30
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "saith the Lord".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)

   
Hebrews 10:34
  • The Textus Receptus says our substance is in "heaven".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph2 (7th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P46 (3rd century)

    James 2:20
  • The Textus Receptus says faith without works is "dead", not "useless".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph (4th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: B (4th century)

    James 4:4
  • The Textus Receptus says, "Ye adulterers and adulteresses", not just "adulteresses".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph2 (7th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P100 (3rd or 4th century)

    1 Peter 1:22
  • The Textus Receptus says Peter's audience purified their souls in obeying the truth "through the Spirit."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: P (9th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P72 (3rd or 4th century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Priscillian (4th century)
    Nestle-Aland: Novum Testamentum Graece, 27th ed.


    1 Peter 2:2
  • In the Textus Receptus Paul says to desire the sincere milk of the word, that "ye may grow thereby", not "ye may grow unto salvation".  The Textus Receptus reading does not suggest a works-based salvation.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: L (9th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P72 (3rd or 4th century)

   
1 Peter 4:1
  • The Textus Receptus says Christ suffered "for us."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P72 (3rd or 4th century)

    1 Peter 4:14
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "on their part he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is glorified."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: P (9th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P72 (3rd or 4th century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Cyprian (3rd century)
            United Bible Society: The Greek New Testament, 4th ed.


    1 Peter 5:11
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "glory".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph (4th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P72 (3rd or 4th century)

    1 Peter 5:14
  • The Textus Receptus includes "Jesus" in association with the title Christ.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph (4th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: B (4th century)

    2 Peter 1:21
  • The Textus Receptus says "holy" men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph (4th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P72 (3rd or 4th century)

   
2 Peter 2:17
  • The Textus Receptus says the mist of darkness is reserved "for ever".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P72 (3rd or 4th century)

    2 Peter 3:2
  • In the Textus Receptus the author of the epistle says "commandments of us (ημων) the apostles", not "commandments of your (υμων) apostles".  The difference is just one Greek letter.  The Textus Receptus reading supports apostolic authorship of the epistle, a point that is disputed among liberal scholars concerning 2 Peter.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Psi (9th or 10th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P72 (3rd or 4th century)

    1 John 2:7
  • The Textus Receptus says the old commandment is the word which ye have heard "from the beginning".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: K (9th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

    1 John 2:20
  • The Textus Receptus says "ye know all things", not "ye all know".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

    1 John 3:5
  • The Textus Receptus says he was manifested to take away "our" sins.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph (4th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: B (4th century)

    1 John 4:3
  • The Textus Receptus says a spirit that does not confess that Jesus Christ "is come in the flesh" is not of God.  Christian faith is rooted in the historical reality of Jesus Christ being a real person.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph (4th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: B (4th century)

    1 John 5:7
  • The Textus Receptus includes the Trinitarian reading, "For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one."  This verse is called the Johannine Comma. (For further reading, go to: Johannine Comma - 1 John 5:7)
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: 629 (14th century), 221 margin (manuscript is dated to the 10th century, but the marginal inclusion of the Comma occurred later).
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Cyprian (3rd century), Priscillian (4th century)
    • Earliest Latin manuscript witness of TR reading: r (6th or 7th century)
Nestle-Aland: Novum Testamentum Graece, 27th ed.


    1 John 5:13
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "And that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: P (9th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph* (4th century)

    Jude 25
  • The Textus Receptus refers to God as the only "wise" God.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: P (9th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P72 (3rd or 4th century)

    Revelation 1:8
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "the beginning and the ending".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph* (4th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: A (5th century)

   
Revelation 1:11
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: P (9th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

    Revelation 5:14
  • The Textus Receptus includes, "him that liveth for ever and ever."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: a few late manuscripts
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

    Revelation 6:17
  • The Textus Receptus says the great day of "his" wrath is come, referring to God's wrath.  The Nestle-Aland says, "their wrath", which does not make sense. 
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: A (5th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

   
Revelation 11:15
  • The Textus Receptus refers to "kingdoms", which makes sense because there are many kingdoms in the world now.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: 104 (11th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P47 (3rd century)

   
Revelation 14:5
  • The Textus Receptus says the redeemed will be judged "before the throne of God".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: a few late manuscripts
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P47 (3rd century)

    Revelation 16:17
  • The Textus Receptus refers to the temple "of heaven".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: 051* (10th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: P47 (3rd century)

    Revelation 20:9
  • In the Textus Receptus, fire comes down from "God out of" heaven
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: Aleph2 (7th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: A (5th century)

    Revelation 20:12
  • The Textus Receptus says the dead shall stand before "God."
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: 2814 (12th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

    Revelation 21:24
  • The Textus Receptus says the nation of them "which are saved" shall walk in the light.
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: 2814 (12th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)

    Revelation 22:19
  • The Textus Receptus says "book of life", not "tree of life".
    • Earliest witness of TR reading: 1957 (15th century)
    • Earliest witness of NA27 reading: Aleph (4th century)
    • Earliest Latin manuscript witness of TR reading: F (6th century)
    • Earliest Church father citation of TR reading: Ambrose (4th century)
For more on Revelation 22:19, see “Book of life” at Revelation 22:19?


Read more articles from: The King James Version is Demonstrably Inerrant

For more information on the Textus Receptus, please visit: http://textus-receptus.com



Sources:
  • Constantin Tischendorf, Novum Testamentum Graece, 8th major edition (1869, 1872).
  • Hoskier, H.C., Concerning The Text Of The Apocalypse, vol 1 & 2 (1929).
  • Nestle-Aland: Novum Testamentum Graece, 27th revised edition (2006).
  • Tregelles, Samuel P., The Greek New Testament (1857).
  • United Bible Society: The Greek New Testament, 4th revised edition (2001).